Saturday, December 28, 2019
World War II is one of the most prolific events in American history. While soldiers were away on foreign soil, thousands of Americans at home were doing their part as well. For example many citizens worked in factories across the nation producing the supplies the military needed to accomplish their goal. When people think of the places that most frequently furnished these products the common perception is that most products were manufactured in the northern industrial states, although this is not always the case. Throughout the war Louisiana played a critical role in adequately preparing for the war. Andrew Higgins has become famous for his role in inventing the HigginsÃ¢â¬â¢s Craft, which played a critical role in the beach landings inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Louisiana played an important role in nearly every aspect of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s success in World War II, and likewise, it deserves to be highlighted. The American army lacked adequate preparation to go to war in 1941 , but that soon changed. Nearly half a million soldiers participated in a series of military maneuvers, or games, across mostly north Louisiana. Fourteen of the 27 divisions of the army took place in these events. The Louisiana maneuvers have become one of the largest peacetime military maneuvers in American history. This practice proved to be important for the army. Brigadier Raymond H Fleming explained that everything the United States Army had, except for bullets, would be turned loose in Louisiana. This allowed for the soldiers, most of them being newly enlisted, to gather wartime experience. Likewise, not all commands were fully equipped with the latest technology, but through these games the ill-equipped commands were able to see the effectiveness of the new technology. The soldiers that endured these games went through full paced war-like maneuvers. The Army was divided into two and simulated a mock war between each other. The two Ã¢â¬Å"armiesÃ¢â¬ went back and f orth between over the course of ten days. They struggled through long hours and simulated combat. Along with the struggle of
Friday, December 20, 2019
To simply say Ancient Greece had a diverse culture would not give justice to the truly rich and even contrasting societies that developed in the classical city-state. One of the most unique civilizations to prosper in the ancient time period were the Spartans. The Spartans held customs, beliefs, and traditions unlike any other Greek city-state. These uncommon practices and philosophies largely governed the lifestyle of a Spartan citizen from birth until death. Spartan culture was considerably a militaristic one, and great emphasis was placed on the lifelong dedication of training to be a Spartan soldier. It is arguable that this Spartan way of life was the key to SpartaÃ¢â¬â¢s powerful and victorious civilization in ancient times. ToÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Some unique differences can be examined as the reasons behind the Spartans power and dominance of the classical times. The Spartans lived a very meager life in comparison to the other Greek cultures. The Spartans wer e not concerned with luxurious items and trivial possessions. A manÃ¢â¬â¢s wealth was in the land he owned. However, the typical Spartan male was dedicated to life of a soldier and therefore could not be bothered with the manual labor of tending to his fields. The land was worked by the Helots, or slaves, the Spartans captured in battle. Helots were required to work in the field and return the productions to the owner of the land. This enabled the Spartan male to remain focused and dedicated to his true profession of a soldier. Spartan children lived an extremely different lifestyle, if they were even allowed to live at all. When a new child is born, they are judged by the elders council of the city, called the Gerousia. The Gerousia would decide if the newborn was fit and strong enough to be granted the right to live. If a baby was deemed weak or deformed, they would be taken to a high cliff on Mt. Taygete to be thrown off and killed. This can be seen as a basic form of eugen ics, and although cruel, it created the strong bodied population of Sparta. Corresponding to DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s survival of the fittest, only the strong live and reproduce. Since the weak were not even given a chance to live, time and resourcesShow MoreRelated Sparta, not Athens, won the war against Persia Essay979 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Greek victory against Persia was largely due to efforts of mainly Athens but also Sparta as well. Athens was responsible for the major turning points of the Persian invasions, while Sparta was responsible for the deciding battle. Miltiades, with his skilful battle strategies, defeated the Persians during their second invasion at Marathon, which gave Athens a confidence boost on their military. During the third invasion, when the Athenians were evacuated to Salamis, Themistocles had devised aRead More Why the Greeks Won the Greco-Persian War Essay1578 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWar because of their naval victories over the Persians, a few key strategic v ictories on land, as well as the cause for which they were fighting. The naval victories were the most important contribution to the overall success against the Persians. The Persian fleet was protecting the land forces from being outflanked and after they were defeated the longer had that protection. While the Greeks had very few overall victories in battle they did have some strategic victories. The Battle of ThermopylaeRead MoreThe Persian War And The Ottoman Empire Of Persia Essay1143 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe Plataeans. News of the victory was delivered by a messenger who ran the 26 miles from Marathon toÃ Athens, and who died afterwards. The second stage of the war saw the Persians arrive on the Greek shore with perhaps as many as 2,000,000 men, between their army and navy, under the command of king Xeres I (519-465 B.C.), son of the deceased Darius I. An advanced party of only 5,000 Greeks, including Spartans, Phocians and Locrians, under the command of one of the Spartan kings, Leonidas (a descendentRead MorePeloponnesian War Strategies Essay1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Conflicts between the two cites dated back further, however, with skirmishes from 460-445 effectively ending in a draw. Major fighting in the Peloponnesian War occurred from 431-421 and ended in Athenian victory. Renewed conflict raged from 413-404, ultimately concluding in Spartan victory. An understanding of these very different cultures is illustrative of their leaders ultimate strategies and projections before the conflict. At the time of the war, Greece was divided into two great alliancesRead MoreWhat Constitutes a Spartan in Steven Pressfields Gates of Fire1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPressfields: Gates of fire is based on a true story of how three hundred courageous warrior Spartans led by their king Leonidas and 700 Thespaian allies held off an army of over one million Persian infantrymen on a narrow pass in Thermopylae Greece in 480 B.C. for seven days. The Spartan Warriors were highly disciplined, physically and mentally tough soldiers that were dedicated to their country and way of life. The three hundred SpartanÃ¢â¬â¢s left home one day leaving their families behind, on a suicideRead MoreThe Importance Of Ancient Spartan Militarism833 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAncient Spartan militarism led to Sparta being a large military power in Ancient Greece, but the str ict restrictions on citizenship led to the decline and destruction of the city-state. The overly strict requirements combined with a string of military defeats led to a weakened state from which the Spartan government could not recover from. This led to Sparta becoming a second rate power in Greece until its destruction at the hands of the Roman imperial army at the battle of Adrianople. Spartan militarismRead MoreThe Unity Of Greek Unity1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswas that they were massively under-equipped to deal with meeting the Persian army in battle. Thessaly was placed directly in the path of the land army which was marching to the south, their stated aim being revenge on Athens, and could not hope for victory against them. The words of the men sent to ask for aid are revealing: Ã¢â¬Å"you cannot compel us to fight your battle for youÃ¢â¬ , suggesting that the Thessalians believed Athens was the cause, and that they did not feel any sense of kinship or unity withRead MoreSpartan Take Home Exam. Politically These Areas Share Hardly1600 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSpartan Take Home Exam Politically these areas share hardly anything in common from the way each ran their governments: Athens that which ran a Democracy, Sparta ran an Oligarchy and The Persians ran a Monarchy. Economically Persia sought more wealth and power through the threats of other areas that includes both Athens and Sparta who refused in the end to submit. Both Sparta and Athens treated their women differently as Sparta exercised and trained, keeping their breasts in shape, unlike the AtheniansRead MoreThe Battle of Marathon Essays1039 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmore than twice its size, because of superior leadership, training and equipment. The battle of Marathon has provided inspiration to the underdogs throughout history. In 490 BC, the Athenians proved that superior strategy, and technology can claim victory over massive numbers. In 646 BC the Persian armies, led by Cyrus, conquered the Greek city-state of Ionia, in Asia Minor. Despite the mildness of Persian rule, the Ionians did not like their conquerors. The Persians seemed barbaric to the culturedRead MoreHerodotus s Depiction Of The Battle Of Thermopylae1278 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThermopylae, in 480 B.C.E, demonstrated the strength, courage and bravery of the Spartan Army that went up against the Persians. The Spartans held off the Persian army of Xerxes for two days until their position was flanked by a secret trail. However, in the face of unbeatable odds and with the knowledge of a victory being almost impossible, they fought with the utmost confidence in themselves and proved that the Spartan army was one of the strongest armies in Greece, even though they were eventually
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Objectives 1. To understand the function of the endocrine system 2. To learn about the major endocrine glands, the hormones they produce, and the effects they initiate 3. To familiarize the student with histological identification of various endocrine glands Background The endocrine system consists of cells and tissues that secrete chemical messengers, called hormones, into the blood. The hormones are transported in the blood, via the circulatory system, to target cells. Once the hormone reaches the target cells and binds to a specific receptor, either on the cell membrane or within the cell cytoplasm or nucleus, it can initiate a response that will facilitate homeostasis in the body. Questions 1. What are some of the major endocrine glands? 2. List the three major categories of hormones. Identify specific hormones within each category. Procedure Using the microscope, examine the indicated endocrine glands. Draw a picture, identify any indicated structures within the gland, and answer the questions in each section. We will write a custom essay sample on Anatomy Study guide or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Total Magnification 1. Identify a pancreatic islet. 2. What major hormone is secreted by the alpha cells? Beta cells? What are the primary effects of each hormone? 3. Describe a pathophysiological condition associated with the pancreas (describe condition, symptoms and treatment). ADRENAL GLAND __________ Total Magnification 1. Identify the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla. 2. What major hormones are secreted by the adrenal cortex? Adrenal medulla? What are the primary effects of each hormone? Describe a pathophysiological condition associated with the adrenal glands (describe condition, symptoms and treatment). THYROID __________ Total Magnification 1. Identify the follicles, the follicular cells, and the colloid. 2. What major hormones are secreted by the thyroid? What are the primary effects of each hormone? 3. Describe a pathophysiological condition associated with the thyroid (describe condition, symptoms, and treatment). PITUITARY GLAND __________ Total Magnification 1. Identify the anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary (Hint: the anterior pituitary staining is darker than the staining of the posterior pituitary). 2. What major hormones are secreted by the anterior pituitary? Posterior pituitary? What are the primary effects of each hormone? 3. Describe a pathophysiological condition associated with the pituitary (describe condition, symptoms, and treatment). Review Questions 1. Identify whether peptide/protein hormones are water soluble or lipophilic. How are they transported in the blood? Where on the cell are the receptors for these hormones located? 2. Identify whether steroid hormones are water soluble or lipophilic. How are they transported in the blood? Where on the cell are the receptors for these hormones located? 3. Distinguish between the mechanism by which peptide/protein hormones exhibit their effects on the target cell and the mechanism by which steroid hormones exhibit their effects on the target cell? 4. Choose a hormone and diagram a negative feedback loop that illustrates how the hormone helps the body to maintain homeostasis.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Question: Discuss about theOrganizational Developmentfor Technological or Structural. Answer: Identification Problems in the Organization The problems in the organization are a blend of primary culture, technological or structural. The case study talks about the implementation of technology in the project to make the services more effective for the customers. The company who is willing to implement the changes related to the technology is a publicly owned company. The change in the new information technology will result in the changes in the work processes and practice. In the organization, there are approximately 500 employees. The average age of the employees in the organization is 48 years. The level of education of the employees consist of 10% holds PG degree, 25% are graduated and 60% have upper secondary education and rest 5% completed 6-year basic education. The culture differences in the organization lead to the problem. The employees who are PG might expect that they will get the promotion. Though, due to the company's structure, they face the discrimination. Employees of the company also feel that they are no t valued in the organization. The structure of the organization is rigid. The promotion of the employees is based on the seniority and the years of service. The major sources of resistance to change in the organization In the case study, it is clearly visible that there are many reasons due to which employees of the organization resist the change. Technology change will create problems for the employees who didnt perform well in the organization. Technology will enable performance management and goal setting in the organization. There are many employees in the organization that did not perform well in the organization and later they gave justification for their behavior by blaming other departments for the delay and inefficiencies. With the emergence of the new technology company can easily check the employee's performance. This will become problems of the employees who didn't perform well. The new system might create stress and confusion for the employees in the organizations. There are some employees in the organization who knows the benefits of the new system. Though, they were unwilling to start it due to lack of confidence. The employees were not able to understand the idea behind the usage of the technology. The senior employees in the organization were afraid of losing the face in front of the younger employees who were friendlier with the use of technology. The role of the union in the organization didn't smooth the implementation process. The union team decided to step against the changes taking place in the organization. Union also started an argument on the extra allowance from the company. They said that there might be some of the benefits of the technology but employees should be rewarded for the extra amount for the use of the technology. The amount should be added to their salary. This was the chance for the employees to bring the rise in the amount of the salary. On this argument, the top management stated that it is not possible to increase the salary. For the company, the change management was an expensive deal. Lack of trust among the management and the employees. The company was characterized by the poor change history. Previously, the organization tried to bring an expensive consultant to implement the sequence of improvement in the company. At that time the management of the company got replaced and the new management wants to bring new changes. These results in no change in the system at that time and majority of people didn't believe in change. This leads to lack of trust among the managers and the employees.  The above paragraph talks about the reasons for the resistance to the employees in the organization. The organization should take some of the strategies to deal with the resistance. Strategies to deal with the Resistance by the Employees The organization should try to implement some of the strategies to deal with the resistance in the organization by the employees. I believe that these strategies will help the organization in dealing with the employees. Communicating the Benefits of the Technology to the Employees Communication among the top management and the employees is must in the organization. The company should try to communicate the benefits of implementing the new technology in the organization. Technology is not only beneficial for the company's working but also for the personal development. The employees will get to know about the technologies, they will be able to keep themselves updated. Implementation of new technology in the organization will increase the productivity and efficiency of the company. This will enhance the customer satisfaction which results in a decrease in the daily arguments among the customers and employees. Proper Training Facilities In the case study, the top level management of the company decided not to increase the budgets of the training and decided to perform the on-job training. Over here, the management needs to understand the requirement of the employees along with the reason for the resistance. Considering that the organization should try to increase the budget for the training of the employees. Training of the employees will make it easy for the employees to adopt the changes taking place in the organization. Timing of the Changes The organization should make sure that the timings for bringing the change should be perfect. Basically, if company talks to bring huge changes in the company than the top management might face resistance from the employees. The company should try to bring changes gradually in the organization. The employees of the organization become used to the changes. The employees will be able to adapt the changes more easily. Role of Leadership in the Case Study Supervisor or the leader plays a vital role in the organization. In the case study, the decision taken by the top management was communicated first to the supervisor of the company. The supervisor further communicates the decision to the employees. The way the information is communicated by the supervisor to the employees matters a lot. Once the leader understands the situation he can give feedbacks and suggestion to the top management. In this case, due to lack of education and seniority level, the supervisors were not friendly with the new systems. In some of the departments, the younger employees of the organization need to show their superiors how to use the new systems. The superior and older employees don't feel comfortable in asking a question if they find any problem. The leader in the organization tries to pay overtime to those employees who want to work after the shift time. Though, union prevented a majority of people to take participation. The leader in this situation needs to understand that the development of the organization is a must. The role of the leader is to make the employees understand that these changes will bring development and new opportunities for the business. Though, in the case study the leaders are not aware of the use of the technology though they can encourage the active participation of the employees. Leaders should ask the question if they find any problem. This will enhance the participation of the employees in the changes. Summary of the Key Problems The case study talks about the changes taking place in the public owned company. The organization is willing to bring new technology. The case talks about the resistance to the change. There are some of the problems faced by the top management. The employees of the company don't want to adopt the changes related to the technology. Over here, the manager should make the employees understand the importance of technology. The structure of the organization is rigid and promotion is based on age and experience. The organization should check the eligibility, skills, and capabilities of the employees and according to that organization should give promotions. The level of education is diversified in the organization. These are some of the key problems that occur in the organization. The union asked for the extra allowance from the company for using the technology. Later this became one of the problems with the management as they were not able to pay the extra amount to the employees for usin g the technology. Role of Organizational Development Organisation development is the study of successful organizational change and performance. The aim of the organization development is to enhance responses of an organization to adapt market changes and technological advances. The development of the technology across the world enforces company to adopt technology in their business as well. These changes in the organization lead to increase the convenience in the work. At the same time, these changes could bring the efficiency and effectiveness in the organization. Organisation development enhances the communication among the employees in the organization. A continuous improvement in the organization makes the employees interact or share the views. This will make the employees more familiar with the changes. The development will lead to product and service enhancement. Employee engagement in the organization will increase the creativity and innovation. Product innovation takes place by using the market research, customer expectations, competitive analysis etc. Product innovation will help the organization in increasing the profit of the company. Profit of the company will rise once the organization will be able to work with efficiency and effectiveness. This shows that the organization development could help in bringing the efficiency and effectiveness in the organization. References Allen, David. Getting things done: The art of stress-free productivity. Penguin, 2015. Bridges, William, and Susan Bridges. Managing transitions: Making the most of change. Da Capo Press, 2017. Burke, W. Warner, and Debra A. Noumair. Organization development: A process of learning and changing. FT Press, 2015. Burke, W. Warner. Organization change: Theory and practice. Sage Publications, 2017. Cornelissen, Joep, and Joep P. Cornelissen. Corporate communication: A guide to theory and practice. Sage, 2017. Cummings, Thomas G., and Christopher G. Worley. Organization development and change. Cengage learning, 2014. Katzenbach, Jon R., and Douglas K. Smith. The wisdom of teams: Creating the high-performance organization. Harvard Business Review Press, 2015. Kuipers, Ben S., Malcolm Higgs, Walter Kickert, Lars Tummers, Jolien Grandia, and Joris Van der Voet. "The management of change in public organizations: A literature review." Public Administration 92, no. 1 (2014): 1-20. Nicholas, John M., and Herman Steyn. Project management for engineering, business and technology. Taylor Francis, 2017. Northouse, Peter G. Leadership: Theory and practice. Sage publications, 2015. Shin, Yuhyung, Sun Young Sung, Jin Nam Choi, and Min Soo Kim. "Top management ethical leadership and firm performance: Mediating role of ethical and procedural justice climate." Journal of Business Ethics 129, no. 1 (2015): 43-57. Smither, Robert, John Houston, and Sandra McIntire. Organization development: Strategies for changing environments. Routledge, 2016. Waddell, Dianne, Andrew Creed, Thomas G. Cummings, and Christopher Worley. Organisational change: Development and transformation. Cengage Learning, 2013. Wang, Dan-Shang, and Chia-Chun Hsieh. "The effect of authentic leadership on employee trust and employee engagement." Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal 41, no. 4 (2013): 613-624.